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Wednesday, June 22, 2011

Abhisit, Hun Sen speak out

Photo by: Heng Chivoan
Prime Minister Hun Sen delivers a speech yesterday in Phnom Penh.

Thai Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva has reportedly said that Thailand “can no longer work with” UNESCO if the United Nations cultural body fails to delay consideration of Cambodia’s management plan for Preah Vihear temple at a meeting this week in Paris.

The Bangkok Post reported yesterday that Abhisit had made the vague threat in reference to Cambodia’s management plan for the temple, which is up for discussion at the World Heritage Committee meeting, which began on Sunday and stretches to June 29.

“We keep talking with UNESCO,” Abhisit was quoted as saying. “If they don’t postpone [consideration of Cambodia’s management plan], they should know that we can no longer work with them.”

Heritage Committee meeting, which began on Sunday and stretches to June 29.

“We keep talking with UNESCO,” Abhisit was quoted as saying. “If they don’t postpone [consideration of Cambodia’s management plan], they should know that we can no longer work with them.”
The article did not go on to elaborate further on Abhisit’s remarks.

Thai Foreign Ministry spokesman Thani Thongphakdi referred questions to government spokesman Panitan Wattanayagorn, who said he was unfamiliar with Abhisit’s reported comments.

“My understanding is that we are waiting to hear from the World Heritage meeting,” Panitan said.

“We would like to persuade the members to hear our position – I think that’s all I can say at this moment.”

Tith Sothea, a spokesman for the Press and Quick Reaction Unit at the Council of Ministers, said Thailand had “no authority” to block consideration of Cambodia’s management plan for the 11th-century temple.
“These activities won’t come to anything because the Cambodian plan has correctly followed the instructions from UNESCO,” he said.

In a statement issued ahead of the meeting in Paris, Cambodia’s National Committee for World Heritage said Thailand’s “decades-long record of military incursions shows why [it] does not want its actions on the border to be observed”.

“What we are seeing is the implementation on the ground of Thailand’s expansionist ambitions,” the statement said.

Preah Vihear temple was originally enshrined as a UNESCO World Heritage site for Cambodia in 2008 and is being developed as a tourist destination.

At a ceremony in Phnom Penh yesterday, Prime Minister Hun Sen said 24 Cambodian troops had been killed in periodic clashes with Thailand since 2008, most recently with clashes along the border near Oddar Meanchey province that concluded last month.

“We don’t really want war, but they are too rude,” Hun Sen said, referring to Thailand. “Despite that, it is better not to fight each other.”
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TOMS shoes expands into sunglasses - and improving eyesight

Shoes were apparently just the first step. TOMS shoes, the company that catapulted to fame for giving away free footwear for every pair it sells, is now in the sunglass game.

The brand launched a new line of retro-styled frames this month. Expanding its “one-for-one” mission, for every pair of sunglasses sold, the philanthropic for-profit will provide prescription eyeglasses, sight-saving medical treatment or surgery to a person who needs it.

The eye care — targeted initially for Nepal, Tibet and Cambodia — will be administered by the Seva Foundation, a northern California-based group that “has been implementing sustainable blindness prevention and sight restoration programs for over 30 years,” according to the company.

The new $135 to $145 sunglass frames, made in Italy, come in three models: a wayfarer, an over-sized round-eye model and an aviator, each with various color options. All of the designs have thre, hand-painted stripes on the temples, representing the purchaser, the company and the eye-care recipient. Locally, Massey’s stores, which sell Toms shoes, will carry the sunglasses.

“If it’s anything like the shoe phenomenon, then it will be huge,” said Massey’s general manager Gerry Fullington. Indeed, TOMS has a passionate fan club. The Los Angeles Times reported that more than 1,000 people turned out on a Tuesday for the sunglass launch at the California Heritage Museum, with radio stations live broadcasting the event.

Though TOMS would not release sales figures, a spokeswoman said two of the sunglass designs already sold out online.

TOMS was founded five years ago by Austin-native Blake Mycoskie with an unusual business model: to merge a charitable mission with for-profit motive. To date, the company has given away more than 1 million pairs of shoes.

The concept has rocketed Mycoskie to rock-star-like fame and made him the poster child of the growing social entrepreneurship movement. Popular particularly with recent college graduates, hundreds of small businesses — from Falling Whistle necklaces to the New Orleans-based FeelGoodz flip flops — have been inspired by the TOMS model of corporate and community collaboration.

New Orleans jewelry designer Thomas Mann even created a little pewter pendant, which is sold on the TOMS Web site to help support its work.

Mycoskie has visited New Orleans several times, and did a “shoe drop” here in 2009, where he gave away 2,000 pairs of white, canvas shoes to youngsters at five local elementary schools.

During that stop in New Orleans, Mycoskie said he envisioned the company expanding its mission.

“Ever since 2007, I’ve realized the TOMS One for One model could do more than give shoes — it could and should address other needs around the world,” Mycoskie said in a press release this month. “Sight is a fundamental need. The loss of sight has a dramatic impact on a person’s life — and on his or her family and community.”
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One Man's Mission to Open History of Khmer Rouge

Next week, four top leaders of the Khmer Rouge regime will be brought to trial in Cambodia for alleged crimes against humanity (known as Case 002). Journalism student Jake Schoneker reported from Cambodia ahead of the trial.

Youk Chhang, director of the Documentation Center of Cambodia


When my co-producer Mark Oltmanns and I set off to Phnom Penh to shoot our story on Case 002, we planned to focus on victims of the Khmer Rouge time, on those civil parties and witnesses who would be brought to testify against the four leaders during the upcoming trial. But though listening to their stories was harrowing -- a woman left without family and forced to marry a soldier, a man still imprisoned by the Khmer Rouge in hellish nightmares -- it was the story of the students, and the impact of education, that made the deepest impression on us.

A central figure in the incorporation of that Khmer Rouge education to classrooms was Youk Chhang, the director of the Documentation Center of Cambodia, or DC-Cam. For over a decade, he's compiled hundreds of thousands of documents, photographs, and testimony about the Khmer Rouge -- evidence that now is playing a key role in the trials of the Khmer Rouge cadre.

But what gets Chhang most excited is when he talks about Cambodian students and the textbook that he's helped incorporate into Cambodian classrooms. Sitting in his cluttered office in Phnom Penh this past March, he told me a story that helps put the whole trial into perspective. It goes something like this:

Chhang had gone to a high school classroom in Phnom Penh, and brought along two survivors of the Khmer Rouge period to meet the students. First was Norng Chan Phal, a former child prisoner of the infamous Tuol Sleng prison, where thousands were tortured and killed. And second was Him Huy, a Khmer Rouge prison guard at Tuol Sleng who admitted to killing five people during his employ there.

Him Huy, fourth from left, leading group of Khmer Rouge guards at Tuol Sleng

Chhang began leading a lesson to the class, without telling them who the two men were. When the students started asking questions, he told them to ask the survivor or the prison guard in front of them.

"I said, 'Why don't you ask Him Huy? He's said he killed people, he's said he arrested people, and he admits he was head of the prison guards at Tuol Sleng," Chhang told me. "The whole class fell silent. Their eyes got big."

No one would make eye contact with Him Huy -- they directed all their questions to Norng Chan Phal. They pretended like the former prison guard wasn't there. In Phnom Penh, most children come from families who were victims of the genocide -- part of the Khmer Rouge doctrine was to eliminate educated city people and create a pure, agrarian society.

Finally, a boy with a backpack rose from his seat to ask a question -- about Him Huy, directed at Youk Chhang. He still couldn't bear to look at the prison guard. He slowly spoke.

"Him Huy joined the Khmer Rouge because he wanted power, right?"

As the boy sat down, all his classmates clapped and cheered him -- all except one girl in the back of the class. Some time later, that girl had a question of her own for Chhang.

"Teacher, are all Khmer Rouge bad people?"

Chhang could sense that she was a child of the Khmer Rouge herself. Later, she told him that her father was a Khmer Rouge soldier. That night, the girl went home to her father and asked him another question, which she repeated back to Chhang the next school day.

"Daddy, did you kill people?"

Chhang asked the girl what the answer was.

"My father said, 'you can never understand.' That was it."

You can never understand. That seems to have been the mantra of survivors of that time, as a cold silence has clouded the country's discourse. Only a few years ago, that silence was helping to create a young demographic who had little knowledge or understanding of their own history, and no confidence to question their elders. But the Tribunal (which is prosecuting former members of the regime) has helped spark an education campaign that has brought light to those long shadowed corners of the Cambodian psyche, and armed a new generation of students with the confidence that they can create a better country than the one in which their parents lived.

"It took us nine years to convince the government to write a text book of 78 pages -- and finally, in 2007, they approved," Chhang told me. He said that DC-Cam has helped train 3,500 teachers across the country on the Khmer Rouge curriculum. From grade 9-12, students are required to study about the Khmer Rouge, and questions about those lessons are on the high school final exam. After years of silence, there is now a platform for discussion.
High school students in Phnom Penh reading textbooks produced by the Tribunal

There still appear to be problems -- many of the 3,500 teachers who have been trained were themselves part of the Khmer Rouge, with their own prejudices and opinions about that history. And many students come to school with their own attitudes toward the past.

"If you go to Battambang or Banteay Meanchey (western provinces that were considered the Khmer Rouge stronghold for decades) you can assume that half of the students were children of the perpetrators," said Chhang. "Then you have students who were the children of the victims, who start to divide from their own friends who were children of perpetrators."

Cambodian schools -- like Cambodian courts -- have a long way to go. But where the Tribunal is having one of its biggest impacts is in providing an opportunity to create a teaching moment for an entire generation by offering them a model of what the rule of law looks like. And giving them the ability to ask hard questions: to themselves, to their parents and elders, and eventually, to the civil society in which they live.
View Schoneker and Oltmanns' report, which aired Tuesday on the NewsHour:


Watch the full episode. See more PBS NewsHour.
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