The land of heroes
Our heroes
Our land
Cambodia Kingdom

Wednesday, October 10, 2007

Japan to provide 8-mln-USD loan for poverty reduction in Cambodia

Cambodian children is owing 8.695 million US more to Japan, is Cambodia government too poor or too much corruption? Cambodia economic have been rising every year and billion dollars revenue should be more than enough to feed 14 million citizens.

Japan Tuesday agreed to provide 8.695 million U.S. dollars of loan for poverty reduction and economic growth operation in Cambodia.

The loan from Japan will mainly support the implementation of the good governance reform program in the royal government's National Strategic Development Plan 2006-2010, said Hor Namhong, Cambodian deputy prime minister and minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, after signing the note of exchange with Japanese officials.

The loan will be paid in 40 years with an annual interest rate of 0.01 percent, said a press release from the Japanese Embassy.

With the current loan project, the total amount of Japan's loan for Cambodia has so far reached 146 million U.S. dollars, it added.

Source: Xinhua
Read more!

Artwork smoocher tried in France

A woman who smudged a $2.8m (£1.37m) artwork with a lipstick-laden kiss has appeared before a court in France.
Rindy Sam, also an artist, faces a fine of 4,500 euros (£3,120) and a class in good citizenship for the charge of voluntarily damaging a work of art.

She told the Avignon court: "I didn't think. When I kissed it I thought the artist would have understood."

Restorers have been unable to remove the lipstick from the white Cy Twombly canvas since it was kissed in July.

'Act of love'

They have unsuccessfully used 30 products to get rid of the stain.

Ms Sam was arrested after the incident at the Museum of Contemporary Art in Avignon, which she called "an act of love".

The painting, which was part of a travelling exhibition, is owned by collector Yvon Lambert, who has sued for damages worth two million euros (£1.38m) which includes the value of the painting and restoration costs.

Cambodian-born Frenchwoman Ms Sam, 30, will return to court on 16 November to hear the verdict.

US artist Twombly, who was born in 1928, is known for his abstract paintings combining painting and drawing techniques, repetitive lines and the use of graffiti, letters and words.

He won the Venice Golden Lion award for his work in 2001.
Read more!

Cambodia's 'Lion Fighters' rise again as martial art is revived

PHNOM PENH (AFP) — The rolling thunder of an oncoming monsoon storm provided the appropriate soundtrack to Ratanak Akthun's entrance into the ring.

The self-assured young fighter eyed his opponent, Puth Khemarak, who seemed less solid and a little dazed by the applause that greeted his own entrance into the gymnasium in Phnom Penh's Olympic Stadium.

Their clash was to be the first full-contact fight of last month's National Bokator Championships, and the crowd, made up of students from opposing fighting schools, clapped and shouted itself into a frenzy.

Cambodia's ancient martial art of bokator is enjoying a sudden revival after centuries of neglect and its near extinction under the communist Khmer Rouge regime, which outlawed the practice and murdered its masters.

But practitioners are struggling for legitimacy and purists say a younger generation's fascination with foreign martial arts is threatening this symbol of the country's past military might.

More an art form than a sport, bokator -- which literally means "lion fighter" in Cambodian -- has been somewhat derisively described as a dance with a little bit of fighting thrown in for effect.

This is not entirely untrue. Those who have mastered the thousands of punches, sweeping high kicks, take-downs and feints have a fluid animal grace that lulls the spectator into forgetting that this is a seriously dangerous fighting form.

But then erupts a violence that is found in few fighting rings. Like Saturday night brawlers, nearly bare-knuckled bokator fighters pummel, stomp and throttle each other into submission.

Ratanak Akthun's earlier cockiness could not save him from a crushing kick that broke ribs and sent him to a humiliating, semi-conscious departure from the ring.

The next two full-contact matches ended just as abruptly in knock-outs.

The September championships were only the second ever to be held and were the result of one man's singular crusade not just to return bokator to Cambodia, but also to introduce it to the rest of the world.

Sean Kim San, a bokator grandmaster and founder of the Cambodian Yuthkun Federation, returned from the United States in the 1990s and in 2004 opened a school to teach the craft to a new generation of Cambodians otherwise fed a diet of Thai kickboxing and Western professional wrestling.

"We had been sleeping for 1,000 years but 2004 was the new birth for bokator," said the 62-year-old master.

Speaking recently in the converted space above a parking garage that he shares with several other martial arts schools, Sean Kim San took out a few vinyl folders that he said are the sport's bible.

Inside he is creating, in painstaking detail, an index of the hundreds, if not thousands of moves that must be mastered at each level of bokator.

"Before there was nothing," he said, explaining that before he took up his quest to revive bokator, knowledge of the fighting form lay scattered across the country among its few surviving yet reluctant masters.

Scenes of bokator are carved into the walls of the Angkor temples, inextricably linked to a rich cultural heritage that goes back many hundreds of years.

But the Khmer Rouge who seized control of the country in 1975 and unleashed one of the 20th century's most devastating upheavals, inexplicably sought to destroy Bokator along with every other vestige of modern Cambodia.

Most of its practitioners were among the two million left dead by the time the regime was overthrown in 1979, and those still alive hid their talents out of fear, Sean Kim San said.

"The Khmer Rouge -- everything interesting they destroyed," he said, adding that after his return to Cambodia he unearthed about a dozen elderly bokator masters.

"But they were still scared about the killings, about Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge -- they were afraid to speak the truth," he said.

Still, he pieced together this puzzle, logging each swing or kick into his catalogue of bokator moves and slowly rebuilding interest in the ancient form.

Three years ago, he said he had only seven students in one school. Now more than 1,000 practice Bokator in schools across 10 provinces.

"We have about 400 or 500 students here, including some foreigners," he said of his own gym at the end of a ramshackle Phnom Penh side street. "This is how far we've raised up the sport."

Mathew Olsen, an Australian instructor of the Korean martial art hapkido and a bokator convert, said he had not known Cambodia had its own martial art.

"I was surprised there was something with such a wide spectrum -- the weapons, the punches, kicks, the ground fighting and pressure points makes it very lethal," he said during a recent training session.

"Bokator is a very complete martial art, very interesting to foreigners," he said. "Basically I think there is more art in this martial art than a lot of other martial arts."

While one of Sean Kim San's hopes is to introduce bokator to the wider world -- and eventual inclusion in international martial arts competitions -- a larger and more immediate goal is to keep this very Cambodian tradition alive at home.

"It is very important to pass this from generation to generation because this is our blood. This was passed down from grand masters and our kings," he said.

He has a dream, he said, that bokator training will become a regular feature in Cambodian primary schools.

"That means millions and millions of people know very well bokator," he said.
Read more!